75 Years of Independence Celebrations: Trendy India is an emblem of scientific and technological growth and one of many key parts of financial growth, submit 15th The August 1947 go to to India has develop into an incredible instance of a formidable progress story. As claimed by the Indian Model Fairness Basis, India is likely one of the prime international locations on the planet within the discipline of scientific analysis and is ranked as one of many prime 5 international locations within the discipline of house exploration. India has carried out frequent house missions, together with missions to the Moon and the well-known Polar Satellite tv for pc Launch Automobile (PSLV). India ranks third among the many most engaging funding locations for know-how transactions on the planet.
Know the journey of 75 years of India’s independence which incorporates main achievements
75 Years of India’s Independence: Main Scientific and Technological Developments
Our first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru stated “Science is not only one man’s seek for reality; If it really works for the group it is greater than thatHe made efforts to rework India’s financial system into a contemporary state and match it into the nuclear age and do it shortly. As India celebrates 75.th The anniversary of its independence, let us take a look at what have been the most important scientific and technological developments throughout this era:
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growth of agricultural know-how
In keeping with official figures, the agriculture sector accounts for less than 18% of India’s GDP and employs about 65% of the whole workforce. Know-how performs an necessary function in India’s agriculture and sustainable growth. Superior know-how helps to develop and enhance many areas of agriculture, equivalent to fertilizers, pesticides, seed know-how, and so forth. Allow us to have a look at among the main milestones of post-independence agricultural technological growth in India:
The Inexperienced Revolution was an effort initiated by Norman Borlaug within the Sixties. He is called the ‘Father of Inexperienced Revolution on the planet’. This gained him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970 for his work within the growth of excessive yielding varieties (HYVs) of wheat.
Operation Flood, launched on 13 January 1970, was the biggest dairy growth program on the planet and a landmark undertaking of the Nationwide Dairy Improvement Board of India.
growth of protection know-how
Dr. Homi Bhabha has performed a significant function within the growth of protection know-how in India after independence. India has been attacked many occasions by its neighbors. India has confronted many wars and gained many battles together with Indo-China struggle and Indo-Pakistan struggle. Allow us to have a look at among the main milestones of protection technological growth in India after independence:
The Protection Analysis and Improvement Group (DRDO) was established in 1958 to safe India’s borders with extra superior protection know-how. Since then, DRDO has developed many massive applications and required know-how together with plane, small and huge weapons, artillery methods, digital warfare (EW) methods, tanks and armored autos, sonar methods, command and management methods and missile methods.
1989: Agni missile was efficiently launched
The Agni-I used to be first test-fired on 22 Might 1989 at 7:17 am on the Interim Take a look at Vary at Chandipur and was able to carrying 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) or a standard payload of nuclear warheads. Agni missiles consist of 1 (short-range) or two-stage (intermediate-range).
1998: India carried out Pokhran-II check
Twenty-four years after Pokhran-I, on 11 and 13 Might 1998, the Indian Protection Analysis and Improvement Group (DRDO) and the Atomic Vitality Fee (AEC) carried out 5 extra nuclear checks known as “Pokhran-II” on the Pokhran vary. , Chief Scientific Adviser and Director of Protection Analysis and Improvement Group (DRDO), Dr Abdul Kalam and Division of Atomic Vitality (DAE) Director Dr R Chidambaram have been the principle coordinators of this check plan.
growth of house know-how
India has initiated some main house analysis applications below the imaginative and prescient of some nice scientists and leaders like CV Raman, Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam and so forth. Allow us to have a look at among the main milestones of house know-how growth in India- Independence:
1963: India’s first rocket launch
The launch of the primary sounding rocket from Thumba close to Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala on 21 November 1963 marked the start of the Indian house programme. Sounding rockets made it doable to probe the surroundings in-situ utilizing rocket-borne devices. This was the primary milestone within the house journey of contemporary India. Dr Vikram Sarabhai and his then companion Dr APJ Abdul Kalam have been the brainchild of this achievement.
1975: First satellite tv for pc Aryabhata was launched
Aryabhata, the primary Indian satellite tv for pc, was launched by the Soviet Union in 1975. The Aryabhata spacecraft, named after the well-known Indian astronomer, was India’s first satellite tv for pc; It was designed and constructed solely in India and was launched on 19 April 1975 by a Soviet Kosmos-3M rocket from Kapustin Yar.
1969: Indian House Analysis Group (ISRO) shaped
ISRO was shaped in 1969 with a view to develop and harness house know-how in nationwide growth whereas furthering planetary exploration and house science analysis. ISRO in 1962 named India’s first Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru and scientist Vikram Sarabhai, thought-about among the many founders of the Indian house programme.
2008: Chandrayaan-1 Launch
Chandrayaan-1, the primary Indian lunar probe below the Chandrayaan program was launched by the Indian House Analysis Group (ISRO) on 22 October 2008. The mission was a significant enhance to India’s house programme, as our nation had carried out its personal analysis and growth. Moon detection know-how.
2013: Mangalyaan Launch
The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), often known as Mangalyaan, is a spacecraft orbiting Mars since 24 September 2014. It was launched by the Indian House Analysis Group on 5 November 2013.
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The journey covers India’s growth from agricultural manufacturing to nuclear and house know-how, from reasonably priced healthcare to world-class academic establishments, from Ayurveda to biotechnology, from big metal vegetation to turning into an IT energy, and from being the third largest start-up. sheds mild. ecosystem on the planet.