JV Yakhmi


Commentator and writer

The sixtieth anniversary of the liberation of Goa (December 19) is a becoming event to recollect Shaheed Karnail Singh. On Independence Day in 2015, a bronze statue of him was put in on the Authorities Major Faculty on the completion of 60 years of his martyrdom by the Goa Heritage Motion Group (GHAG) and Goans for Schooling in Patradevi village of Pernem taluka, Goa. An inscription under the idol reads: ‘Shaheed Karnail Singh Benipal (09/09/1930-15/08/1955). He sacrificed his life on the younger age of 25 to liberate Goa from Portuguese rule by taking pictures bullets on his chest at Patradevi, Pernem, Goa on 15 August 1955.

Based on Professor Prajal Sakhardande, President, GHAG, the statue was made and donated by sculptor Sachin Mudge. Sakhardande is an Affiliate Professor within the Division of Historical past, Dhempe School of Arts and Science in Miramar, Panaji. He considers Karnal as his god. “I’ve an image of him at my residence, and the very last thing I at all times do earlier than leaving the home is to salute him. In any case, he contributed to the liberation of Goa,” he advised me not too long ago.

In 1955, I realized about Karnal’s martyrdom from a relative, Mohan Lal Singhi, a member of the native unit of the Communist Celebration of India (CPI), who had organized a condolence assembly within the city of Khanna, Punjab. The native village of Karnail is greater in Isru. I used to be then a category 5 pupil at AS Excessive Faculty in Khanna, my birthplace.

Karnail was simply seven years previous when his father Sundar Singh died. He was raised by his mom Harnam Kaur and an elder brother, who inspired him to get educated. Isru village is situated alongside the Malerkotla highway, about 12 km from Khanna, and Karnal used to go to AS Excessive Faculty every day to attend courses.

Throughout his faculty days, Karnail realized so much in regards to the ongoing freedom battle in India, and was enormously impressed by Mahatma Gandhi and freedom fighters of Punjab equivalent to Bhagat Singh, Kartar Singh Sarabha, Sukhdev Thapar, Udham Singh and Lala Lajpat Rai. Those that sacrificed their lives throughout the freedom motion. The people track, “Punjab Nu Maan Shaheedan Te” (Punjab may be very pleased with its martyrs), was his favorite.

After ending highschool, and seeing his household’s lack of economic sources, Karnal accomplished the JBT course and have become a major faculty instructor. Round this time, he additionally joined the CPI as a member of the native unit in Khanna. He married Charanjit Kaur in Could 1955.

After independence, the Portuguese continued to rule over their colonies in India – Goa, Daman, Diu, Dadra, Nagar Haveli and Anjediva Island. The Portuguese had been unwilling to barter and tried to suppress each anti-colonial motion in Goa with a heavy hand. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia pioneered the Goa Liberation Motion, which included a distinguished social activist, Purushottam Kakodkar, who was deported to Portugal together with different leaders of the motion – Dr. Tristao Bragança Cunha and Laxmikant Bhembre – and detained there. was. For a very long time.

The liberation battle continued by means of peaceable means, however every time anti-colonial activists entered Goa’s borders, they had been mercilessly pushed out by the Portuguese military, leading to accidents and even deaths. It used to occur too. An all-party committee, the Goa Vimochan Sahayak Samiti, was shaped in Pune in 1954 to liberate Goa by means of civil disobedience and to offer monetary and political assist to the collaborating satyagrahis. The Praja Socialist Celebration assisted this committee in organizing a number of such satyagrahas throughout 1954-55.

In mid-1955, the CPI determined to ship common batches of satyagrahis to the borders of Goa and even inside it. Impressed by Kishori Lal (1912–1990), a freedom fighter and affiliate of Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev, and Vishnu Dattatreya Chitale, a distinguished CPI chief, Karnail Singh recognized himself as a satyagrahi with the purpose of peacefully coming into Goa and elevating listed. The tricolor, absolutely conscious that there was hazard to life and limb, when the Portuguese police would cease them by power.

Karnail traveled from Punjab to Pune, and he and Chitale joined a big group of satyagrahis who traveled from Pune to Goa on August 14, 1955. After reaching the Goa border on 15 August, they walked in a procession, which was being led. Sahodrabai Rai (1919–1981), a younger widow from Madhya Pradesh, member of the Indian Nationwide Congress. Because the procession entered the village of Patradevi in ​​North Goa, the Portuguese military opened fireplace on them, with one bullet in Rai’s hand. Karnail rushed to his assist, whilst he saved Chitale with one other bullet. Karnal challenged the Portuguese troopers, who shot him within the chest, killing him immediately.

In 1961, India declared that Goa ought to be a part of the nation peacefully or it will be merged with India by power. After the failure of all diplomatic proposals with the Portuguese, the Indian Armed Forces launched a army operation and occupied Goa with little resistance on 19 December 1961.

There’s a statue, park, stadium and a senior secondary faculty named after him in village Isru, Karnal. Yearly on 15 August, numerous political events maintain parallel conferences within the village, the place their leaders lay wreaths and ship speeches, however, general, that is still unheard.

Sakhardande lamented that all of us have forgotten this nice hero. He says that Goa’s faculty textbooks ought to have a chapter on Karnail and his martyrdom to free Goa from Portuguese rule.

All that stands in reminiscence of Karnal in Goa is the one-room, single-teacher authorities major faculty at Patradevi, with an enrollment of lower than 10 college students. Karnail’s cousin Mohinder Singh, who had visited the college in 2015, had mentioned that its situation wanted enchancment and it needs to be upgraded to the secondary faculty stage.

Proper now, rich mother and father from the Patradevi area rent personal autos to take their youngsters to secondary colleges in Pernem, 15 km away. Cannot the state authorities announce the up-gradation of this faculty on December 19, 2021, the sixtieth anniversary of the liberation of Goa? Or, cannot the Punjab authorities sponsor the improve in reminiscence of Karnail Singh, who laid down his life on this faculty village?



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